Introduction to Cognitive Science

Classic (Online) Readings in Cognitive Science

Last Update: Monday, 13 August 2018

Note: NEW or UPDATED material is highlighted



  1. Some articles are online at the relevant journal's website and accessible from computers on campus (or at home by logging into the library's website);
    just click on the hyperlinked article title.

  2. To access articles from Psychological Bulletin, Psychological Review, or American Psychologist:

    1. Link to: UB Libraries Electronic Journals.

      • If you are off-campus, you may need to enter your UBIT username and password.

    2. Type the journal title into the Search box and click the "Search" button.

      • Other journals (e.g., Language, Proc. IRE) can be accessed in a similar fashion;
        most have much simpler interfaces than the one described here for Psych. Bul., Psych. Rev., and Amer. Psych.!

    3. Click on "Journals@Ovid PsycArticles".
    4. Find the volume and number that you are looking for (click the red "Next" button to go to earlier issues).
    5. Click the "Table of Contents" button for the issue you want.
    6. Find the article in the table of contents, and then click either
      "Complete Reference" for a full citation with abstract, or
      "Ovid Full Text" to download a PDF copy of the article.

  3. Some articles are locally stored in one of my password-protected paper repositories.
    To get a username and password, see Bill Rapaport.

  1. Watson, John B. (1913), "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It", Psychological Review 20(2) (March): 158-177.

  2. McCulloch, Warren S., & Pitts, Walter H. (1943), "A Logical Calculus of the Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity", Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press) 5: 115-133.

  3. Chomsky, Noam (1956), "Three Models for the Description of Language", IRE [now, IEEE] Transactions on Information Theory 2(3) (September): 113-124.

  4. Miller, George A. (1956), "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information", Psychological Review 63(2) (March): 81-97.

  5. Newell, Allen; & Simon, Herbert A. (1956), "The Logic Theory Machine—A Complex Information Processing System", IRE [now, IEEE] Transactions on Information Theory 2(3) (September): 61-79.

  6. Rosenblatt, F. (1958), "The Perceptron: A Probabilistic Model for Information Storage and Organization in the Brain", Psychological Review 65(6): 386-408.

  7. Chomsky, Noam (1959), Review of B.F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior, in Language 35(1) (January-March): 26-58.

  8. Lettvin, J.Y.; Maturana, H.R.; McCulloch, W.S.; & Pitts, W.H. (1959), "What the Frog's Eye Tells the Frog's Brain", Proceedings of the IRE 47(11) (November): 1940-1951.

  9. Miller, George A.; Galanter, Eugene; & Pribram, Karl H. (1960), Plans and the Structure of Behavior (New York: Henry Holt).

  10. Fodor, Jerry A. (1965), "Explanations in Psychology", in Max Black (ed.), Philosophy in America (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press): 161–179.

  11. Sperry, R.W. (1968), "Hemisphere Deconnection and Unity in Conscious Awareness", American Psychologist 23(10) (October): 723-733.

  12. Wason, P.C. (1968), "Reasoning about a Rule", Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 20(3): 273-281.

  13. Shepard, Roger N.; & Metzler, Jacqueline (1971), "Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects", Science 171(3972) (February 19): 701-703.

  14. Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1971), "Belief in the Law of Small Numbers", Psychological Bulletin 76(2): 105-110.

      Also see:

    1. Kahneman, Daniel; & Tversky, Amos (1973), "On the Psychology of Prediction", Psychological Review 80(4) (July): 237-251.

    2. Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1974), "Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases", Science 185(4157) (September 27): 1124-1131.

    3. Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1983), "Extensional Versus Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment", Psychological Review 90(4) (October): 293-315.

      • Contains the well-known "Linda the feminist bank-teller" example.

  15. Rosch, Eleanor; & Mervis, Carolyn B. (1975), "Family Resemblances: Studies in the Internal Structure of Categories", Cognitive Psychology 7: 573-605.

  16. Lakoff, George; & Johnson, Mark (1980), "Conceptual Metaphor in Everyday Language", Journal of Philosophy 77(8) (August): 453-486.

  17. McClelland, James L.; & Rumelhart, David E. (1981), "An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception: Part 1. An Account of Basic Findings", Psychological Review 88(5) (September): 375-407.

Other sources:

  1. "The Top 100 Works in Cognitive Science"

  2. "10 Classics from Cognitive Science"

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