Introduction to Cognitive Science
Last Update: 5 April 2011
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"Classic (Online) Readings in Cognitive Science"
Johnson-Laird's Theory of Mental Models
Tversky & Kahnemann's Theory of Judgment under Uncertainty:
Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1971), "Belief in the Law of Small Numbers",
Kahneman, Daniel; & Tversky, Amos (1973), "On the Psychology of Prediction",
80(4) (July): 237-251.
Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1974),
"Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases"
185(4157) (September 27): 1124-1131.
Tversky, Amos; & Kahneman, Daniel (1983), "Extensional Versus Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment",
90(4) (October): 293-315.
Contains the well-known
"Linda the feminist bank-teller"
's webpage on
Reasoning and Problem Solving
Kahneman, Daniel (2002),
"Maps of Bounded Rationality: A Perspective on Intuitive Judgment and Choice"
For an interesting application, see:
Goldstein, Evan R. (2008),
"The New Paternalism"
Chronicle of Higher Education
(9 May): B8-B11.
"An economist and a legal scholar argue that policy makers should nudge people into making good decisions"
Cassidy, Jack (2008), "Economics: Which Way for Obama?",
New York Review of Books
55(10) (June 12): 30,32,34.
On the proper role of psychological studies of human reasoning in the creation of formal models of reasoning:
Pelletier, Francis Jeffry &
"What Should Default Reasoning Be, by Default?"
Evans, Jonathan St.B.T. (2003),
"In Two Minds: Dual-Process Accounts of Reasoning"
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Logic & Reasoning in the Cognitive-Science Disciplines of Logic, AI, and Philosophy:
Logic & Automated Theorem Proving
Belief Revision and Default, Defeasible, and Non-Monotonic Reasoning
On Herbert Simon's theories of bounded rationality and satisficing:
Simon, Herbert A. (1955), "A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice",
Quarterly Journal of Economics
69(1) (February): 99–118.
Simon, Herbert A. (1956), "Rational Choice and the Structure of the Environment",
Appeared in the same issue as
Simon, Herbert A. (1990),
"A Mechanism for Social Selection and Successful Altruism"
250 (21 December): 1665–1668.
See esp. §"Social Learning and Altruism", pp. 1666ff.
Simon, Herbert A. (1990),
"Invariants of Human Behavior"
Annual Review of Psychology
Simon, Herbert A. (1991),
"Bounded Rationality and Organizational Learning"
2(1) (February): 125–134.
Has interesting things to say about
and about how research is conducted in universities!
Copyright © 2007–2011 by
William J. Rapaport