Introduction to Cognitive Science


Last Update: 7 April 2013

Note: NEW or UPDATED material is highlighted

For instructions on how to access articles from certain journals (notably Psychological Review) from machines,
link to: "Classic (Online) Readings in Cognitive Science"

Some articles are locally stored in one of my password-protected paper repositories.
To get a username and password, see Bill Rapaport.


  1. "Emotion (a subtopic of Cognitive Science)", ( AI Topics).

  2. From MITECS:

    1. Oatley, Keith (2003), "Emotions".

    2. Brothers, Leslie (2003), "Emotion and the Human Brain"

    3. LeDoux, Joseph; & Rogan, Michael (2003), "Emotion and the Animal Brain"

      • Despite its title, I found this article to be much more useful and relevant than the one on the human brain.

  3. Simon, Herbert A. (1967), "Motivational and Emotional Controls of Cognition", Psychological Review 74: 29-39.

  4. The work of Aaron Sloman:

    1. "The Cognition and Affect Project: Exploring architectures for intelligent agents (whether natural or artificial)"

    2. Sloman, Aaron; & Croucher, Monica (1981), "Why Robots Will Have Emotions", Proceedings of IJCAI 1981 (Vancouver).

    3. Wright, Ian; Sloman, Aaron; & Beaudoin, Luc (1996), "Towards a Design-Based Analysis of Emotional Episodes", Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3(2): 101-126.

      • Presents a "computational"—i.e., information-processing—theory of grief.

    4. Sloman, Aaron (2004), "What Are Emotion Theories About?", Workshop on Architectures for Modeling Emotion, AAAI Spring Symposium (Stanford University, March 2004)

  5. Damasio, Antonio (1994), Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons).

  6. LeDoux, Joseph E. (1996), The Emotional Brain (New York: Simon and Schuster).

  7. The work of Rosalind Picard:

    1. "Affective Computing" website.

    2. Picard, Rosalind W. (1995), "Affective Computing", Technical Report 321 (MIT Media Lab).

    3. Picard, Rosalind W. (1997), Affective Computing (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

  8. Minsky, Marvin (2006), The Emotion Machine: Commonsense Thinking, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future of the Human Mind (New York: Simon & Schuster).

  9. Thagard, Paul (2006), Hot Thought: Mechanisms and Applications of Emotional Cognition (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

  10. Henig, Robin Marantz (2007), "The Real Transformers", NY Times Magazine (29 July).

Text copyright © 2007–2013 by William J. Rapaport (
Cartoon links and screen-captures appear here for your enjoyment.
They are not meant to infringe on any copyrights held by the creators.
For more information on any cartoon, click on it, or contact me.