Syntax vs. Semantics

Last Update: 29 January 2008

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  1. Formal Systems

  2. On the importance of providing a syntax and a semantics for any KR:

    1. Woods, William A. (1975), "What's in a Link: Foundations for Semantic Networks" (PDF), in D.G. Bobrow & A. Collins (eds.), Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science (Orlando, FL: Academic Press): 35-82.

    2. McDermott, Drew (1981), "Artificial Intelligence Meets Natural Stupidity" (PDF), in John Haugeland (ed.), Mind Design: Philosophy, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981): 143-160.

    3. Far Side cartoon on syntax vs. semantics

  3. On the topic of representations not being complete:

  4. The work of Alfred Tarski:

  5. Goedel's Theorem

  6. Google search on Peano's Axioms

  7. Smith, Brian Cantwell (1987), "The Correspondence Continuum", Report CSLI-87-71 (Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information).

  8. For a good discussion of the way in which it can be said that computers "do syntactic processing" that attempts to "capture" the real world, see:

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