Some References on the Procedural-Declarative Controversy
(in chronological order)

Last Update: 27 October 2008

Note: NEW or UPDATED material is highlighted

  1. Ryle, Gilbert (1971), "Knowing How and Knowing That", in Collected Papers of Gilbert Ryle (New York: Barnes and Noble), Vol. I: 212-225.

  2. Winograd, Terry (1975), "Frame Representations and the Declarative/Procedural Controversy," in Daniel G. Bobrow & Alan M. Collins (eds.), Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science (New York: Academic Press): 185-210; reprinted in Ronald J. Brachman & Hector J. Levesque (eds.), Readings in Knowledge Representation (Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 1985): 358-370.

  3. Johnson-Laird, Phillip (1977), "Procedural Semantics", Cognition 5(3): 189-214.

  4. Fodor, Jerry A. (1978), "Tom Swift and His Procedural Grandmother", Cognition 6(3): 229-247.

  5. Johnson-Laird, Philip N. (1978), "What's Wrong With Grandma's Guide to Procedural Semantics", Cognition 6(3): 249-261.

  6. Fodor, Jerry A. (1979), "In Reply to Philip Johnson-Laird", Cognition 7(1): 93-95.

  7. NEW
    On combining declarative and procedural representations:

  8. Johnson-Laird, Philip N. (1982), "Propositional Representations, Procedural Semantics, and Mental Models", in Jacques Mehler et al. (eds.), Perspectives on Mental Representation (Lawrence Erlbaum): 111-131.

  9. Gardner, Howard (1985), The Mind's New Science (New York: Basic).

  10. Dreyfus, Hubert L., & Dreyfus, Stuart E. (1986), Mind Over Machine (New York: Free Press).

  11. Agre, P.E. (1992), "Control Structures," in Stuart C. Shapiro (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, 2nd edition (New York: John Wiley and Sons): 293-301.

  12. Kramer, Bryan, & Mylopoulos, John (1992), "Knowledge Representation", in Stuart C. Shapiro (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, 2nd edition (New York: John Wiley & Sons): 743-759.

  13. Russell, Stuart J., & Norvig, Peter (1995), Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

  14. Stillings, Neil, et al. (1995), Cognitive Science (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).

  15. NEW Stanley, Jason & Williamson, Timothy (2001), "Knowing How", Journal of Philosophy 98(8): 411-444.

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