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CSE396 Course Information, Spring 2018

Instructor:

Dr. Kenneth W. Regan, 326 Davis Hall, 645-4738, regan@buffalo.edu

TAs and UTAs:

Jimmy Dobler: jdobler@buffalo.edu
Jacob Ekstrum (UTA): jacobeks@buffalo.edu
Junxuan HuangL junxuanh@buffalo.edu
Jiayi Xian: jxian@buffalo.edu
Minwei Ye: minweiye@buffalo.edu

Office Hours:

There will be ample coverage before HWs are due on Thursdays. TA office hours are in/outside Davis 301, the shared TA space.

Lectures and Recitations:

(LEC)
TuTh 11:00--12:20pm in Knox 109
(R1)
Mondays 8:00--8:50am, in Cooke 127A
(R2)
Mondays 4:00--4:50pm, in Cooke 127A
(R3)
Mondays 3:00--3:50pm, in Cooke 127A
(R4)
Thursdays 3:30--4:20pm, in Norton 209
(R5)
Tuesdays 3:00--3:50pm, in Cooke 127A
(R6)
Thursdays 8:00--8:50am, in Cooke 248
Recitations do not meet in Week 1.

Printed Syllabus

Examinations:






Assignments and Answer Keys (will be accumulated)

  1. Assignment 1, due Thursday 2/15 ``anytime''---with Problem 1 on TopHat and Problems (2)--(3) to be submitted online via CSE Autograder
  2. Assignment 2, due Thursday 2/22.
  3. Assignment 3, due Thursday 3/1.
  4. Assignment 4, due Thursday 3/8.
  5. Assignment 5, due Thursday 3/29.
  6. Assignment 6, due Thursday 4/5.
  7. Assignment 7, due Thursday 4/12.
  8. Assignment 8, due Thursday 4/19.
  9. Assignment 9, due Thursday 5/3.
  10. Assignment 10 (the last), due Thursday 5/10.
Sample Final Exam from Spring 2017.

Lecture Notes in 2018 (will be accumulated)


Piazza page


Extra Resources (some may be used officially)

Setup instructions for the "Turing Kit" DFA/TM simulator (optional).

Week 2-or-3 recitation notes: page 1, page 2,

ASCII text pseudocode for the FA-to-regexp algorithm, expressed using a matrix of regular expressions.

Supplementary lecture notes on the Myhill-Nerode Theorem. Note too that this is covered in the Chapter 1 problems section, and both editions of Sipser give the proof (both directions) in the answers section.

New: Typeset and expanded handout on "Structural Induction" using context-free grammars.

Supplementary handout on Chomsky normal form conversion, with a worked-out example. (This spells things out more than the text does in its proof of Theorem 2.9---adding two optional steps removing "dead" and "unreachable" variables---but it's the same process.)

New: Notes on Turing Machines and PDAs (some sideways):







Nature and Purposes of the Course

The first main objective of the course is to convey those major concepts and results in the theory of computation that guide our thinking about the power of computers and the problems we can solve with them. This includes the entire historical origin of the field in the work of Alan M. Turing, John von Neumann, and Stephen C. Kleene. Finite automata, regular expressions, context-free (and other) grammars, pushdown automata, and idealized programs (if not the Turing machine, think of the Java Virtual Machine) are tools of everyday computing practice. Computational complexity theory asks the fundamental question of how much time, memory, and other computational resources computers need to solve certain problems, and today is relied upon for Internet security.

A second main objective is not as "concrete" as the above-listed syllabus material, but is just as important. Computers are by-nature entirely formal entities---they do precisely what is prescribed in programming languages that are ultimately formal and mathematical. Not just to reason about them, but even to communicate effectively in the field and on the job, one must be able to state assertions precisely and design prototypes concisely. This requires fluency in the underlying mathematical language used to describe problems, computations, and objectives. This course gives valuable training in formal modes of reasoning, analysis, and presentation.


Items From Previous Semesters

Lecture Notes from 2017

Spring 2017 Assignments and Answer Keys (left up on purpose)

  1. Assignment 1
  2. Assignment 2
  3. Assignment 3
  4. Assignment 4
  5. Assignment 5
  6. Assignment 6
  7. Assignment 7
  8. Assignment 8, plus notes on Two-Tape TMs and RAM simulation.
  9. Assignment 9
  10. Assignment 10

Spring 2016 Lecture Notes